英文摘要

《财经》杂志     

2021年22期 2021年10月25日出版  

本文3741字,约5分钟

Key Role of Xiongan New Area Remains the Same, Not Downgraded; Ultra-Pasteurized Milk, A New Product Destined to Change the Dairy Industry of China; China is On the Road to Common Prosperity; Polluters Taking Advantage of Regulation Loopholes to Fake Emissions Data

Key Role of Xiongan New Area Remains the Same, Not Downgraded

The mission of Xiongan New Area is to receive Beijing’s non-capital functions and play a key role in building a world-class city cluster. However, there have been rumors recently that “Xiongan New Area has been downgraded.” As Caijing reporters’ investigation reveals, these rumors are mostly speculations by certain mass media which were misinterpreted by the general public. According to the comments of many insiders, the Xiongan New Area is supposed to receive Beijing’s non-capital functions and cannot be downgraded.

In the future, the governance pattern of Xiongan will gradually transit into municipal management system. Further specifics concerning this transition is still under discussion and comprehensive guidelines are to be released. The difficulty for the future development of Xiongan New Area lies in whether the headquarters of central enterprises can be moved in from Beijing as a whole. At present, Xiongan still has a long way to go to catch up with the development pace of Shenzhen and Pudong.

 

Ultra-Pasteurized Milk, A New Product Destined to Change the Dairy Industry of China

In China’s seemingly calm dairy industry, there has been a fierce competition quietly going on, which will change the definition of fresh milk and affect the overly competitive landscape of dairy industry.

Many consumers know that room temperature milk with a shelf life of 6-9 months loses some of its nutritional value and taste due to high temperature sterilization. Some well-off consumers are more willing to buy refrigerated fresh milk with a shelf life of about one week. The latter is also called pasteurized milk which is pasteurized at a lower temperature and can retain as many nutrients and flavors as possible. In the context of increasing demand for low-temperature milk, a new species was born. Its shelf life is longer than pasteurized milk and shorter than normal temperature milk, and the sterilization temperature is also between the two. At present, the industry refers to this type of milk as “ultra-pasteurized milk”. It is a product of the competition between the two camps of the “normal temperature” and “low temperature” groups in the Chinese dairy industry, and it will gradually change the competitive landscape in the Chinese dairy market.

 

China is On the Road to Common Prosperity

Chinese policymakers are currently working hard to discuss how to promote common prosperity. At the same time, common prosperity has become a topic of concern and hotly discussed in the whole society in recent months. Some officials said that China has completed the arduous task of eradicating absolute poverty in 2020, which is the strongest foundation for the gradual realization of common prosperity.

China’s income gap is too wide even in the global context, and due to the widening of the income gap, China’s poverty problem has become more and more serious. The task of narrowing the gap between the rich and the poor in is quite challenging. At the same time, data shows that China’s wealth gap is even more significant than income gap. Many experts interviewed by reporters from Caijing said that, at present, the unfair income distribution is an important reason for the widening gap between the rich and the poor. Therefore, perfecting a reasonable distribution system is the core means to narrow the gap and make everyone well-off.

 

Polluters Taking Advantage of Regulation Loopholes to Fake Emissions Data

Tampering with the data of the carbon element detection report can reduce carbon emissions by 10%-30%. This is a data falsification trick being played by some companies in the national carbon market. The first case of emissions data faking was publicly disclosed—and this was just the tip of the iceberg. According to a Caijing reporter, in the process of data verification in various places, many problems were found. These are currently under stiff review. Chief among them, the authenticity of the carbon element test report. Although such malpractice is still rare, problems concerning carbon emission data quality are widespread.

From a technical point of view, deviations within 5% of the carbon emission data value are unavoidable. However, in the absence of strict standards and want of supervision, there will be room for manipulations.

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